Over 8.6 million American voters participated in research over the course of the previous five years, which was just released by the research company Morning Consult. The findings show that the ideological climate in America has undergone a significant transformation. From 34% to 27%, the percentage of the American voter that describes themselves as “extremely liberal, liberal,” or “somewhat liberal” has dramatically decreased.
According to Morning Consult’s annual State of the Parties study, 73% of voters link the Democratic Party with the “liberal” identification, while 70% associate the Republican Party with the “conservative” identifier.
Even while there are fewer former liberal voters who now identify as or lean left, this does not always mean that they have moved over to the conservative side, which is purportedly moving farther to the right. Instead, a large number of Americans who formerly identified as “liberals” are now “moderates” or have voiced ambiguity about where they fall on the ideological spectrum.
According to David Shor, a Dem. data scientist, “the historical walk has been that ‘liberal’ is slowly rising as the secular, college-educated people have risen in a way that has been separated from thermostatic forces.” By thermostatic forces, we refer to voters’ reactionary actions and ways of thinking against whatever party happens to be in power. Thermostatic backlash that affects ideological identification is novel, according to Shor.
The study found that 31% of white voters described themselves as “liberals” in 2017, while just 25% did so in 2022. Even while the proportion of liberals fell across the board when education level was taken into consideration, Americans without a college degree saw the biggest reduction, from 27% to 20%.
More significant was the decline in the percentage of black voters who identified as “liberals.” Black voters now identify as “liberal” at a rate of 34%, down from 49% in 2017. Contrary to white voters, who saw a considerable increase in the number of former liberals without college degrees, black voters have abandoned liberalism regardless of educational attainment. Black voters with no college degree saw a 17-point decline, those with bachelor’s degrees saw a 9-point decline, and those with advanced degrees had an 11-point decline.
Among Hispanic Americans, there was an even more pronounced declining tendency. 2017 saw 50% of people identify as “liberals.” Only 34% of people in 2022 identified as “liberals.”
More than any other age group, American voters between the ages of 18 and 34 have moved 13 points away from the “liberal” camp during the last five years. A deeper study finds that the percentage of white voters in this age group who identify as “liberal” has decreased from 42% to 33%, from 54% to 32% for black voters, from 55% to 37% for Hispanic voters, and from 52% to 38% for “other” voters.